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Write a string to a file


file_put_contents

(PHP 5)

file_put_contentsWrite a string to a file

Description

int file_put_contents ( string $filename , mixed $data [, int $flags = 0 [, resource $context ]] )

This function is identical to calling fopen(), fwrite() and fclose() successively to write data to a file.

If filename does not exist, the file is created. Otherwise, the existing file is overwritten, unless the FILE_APPEND flags is set.

Parameters

filename

Path to the file where to write the data.

data

The data to write. Can be either a string, an array or a stream resource.

If data is a stream resource, the remaining buffer of that stream will be copied to the specified file. This is similar with using stream_copy_to_stream().

You can also specify the data parameter as a single dimension array. This is equivalent to file_put_contents($filename, implode('', $array)).

flags

The value of flags can be any combination of the following flags (with some restrictions), joined with the binary OR (|) operator.

Available flags
Flag Description
FILE_USE_INCLUDE_PATH Search for filename in the include directory. See include_path for more information.
FILE_APPEND If file filename already exists, append the data to the file instead of overwriting it. Mutually exclusive with LOCK_EX since appends are atomic and thus there is no reason to lock.
LOCK_EX Acquire an exclusive lock on the file while proceeding to the writing. Mutually exclusive with FILE_APPEND.
context

A valid context resource created with stream_context_create().

Return Values

The function returns the number of bytes that were written to the file, or FALSE on failure.

Examples

Example #1 Simple usage example

<?php
$file 
'people.txt';
// Open the file to get existing content
$current file_get_contents($file);
// Append a new person to the file
$current .= "John Smith\n";
// Write the contents back to the file
file_put_contents($file$current);
?>

Example #2 Using flags

<?php
$file 
'people.txt';
// The new person to add to the file
$person "John Smith\n";
// Append the contents of $person to the file named by $file.
file_put_contents($file$personFILE_APPEND);
?>

Changelog

Version Description
5.0.0 Added context support
5.1.0 Added support for LOCK_EX and the ability to pass a stream resource to the data parameter

Notes

Note: This function is binary-safe.

Tip

A URL can be used as a filename with this function if the fopen wrappers have been enabled. See fopen() for more details on how to specify the filename. See the List of Supported Protocols/Wrappers for links to information about what abilities the various wrappers have, notes on their usage, and information on any predefined variables they may provide.

See Also


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